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10 Amazing Facts About Alzheimer's Disease
The most common form of dementia
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. The term dementia is used to define brain diseases related to memory loss and decreased cognitive abilities. Other types of dementia include:
• vascular dementia
• dementia with Lewy bodies
• mixed dementia
• Parkinson's disease
• Huntington's disease
An estimated five million Americans now have AD, according to the Alzheimer's Association
Women have an increased risk
Nearly twice as many women have AD as men, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services. AD also worsens more rapidly in women than in men.
Brain shrinkage tends to be more severe in women with AD than in men with the disease. Researchers suggest that brain changes in women with AD may be due to other causes.
Your heart and your head are closely related
Heart disease can raise the risk of getting AD. Other conditions that cause heart disease are also linked to an increased risk of getting the disease, including:
High blood pressure
Heart disease can also be a cause of vascular dementia, which results from narrowing of blood vessels in the brain. This leads to a decrease in oxygen to brain tissues.
Education can reduce your risk.
According to the National Institute on Aging (NIA), the more education you have, the lower your risk of getting AD. You have lower odds of getting AD if you keep your brain active in old age by doing activities such as:
• taking classes
• Learning languages
• playing musical instruments
Doing group activities or interacting with others can also reduce your risk.
AD is one of the leading causes of death.
The Alzheimer's Association claims that AD is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. About one in three elderly people die of AD or other forms of dementia.
In 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported more than 84,000 lives in the United States. Only heart disease, cancer, some respiratory diseases, strokes and accidents caused more deaths than AD.
Unique among the causes of death.
The Alzheimer's Association also claims that AD is the only one of the top 10 leading causes of death in the US. Without any method to prevent, cure or slow down.
Research on a vaccine continues. But so far there are no safe ways to prevent AD from developing. However, medications can help relieve some of the symptoms.
Alzheimer's disease is expensive.
With an estimated five million Americans who have AD, the cost for treating the disease continues to rise. By 2016 that figure reached about $ 236 billion, according to the Alzheimer's Association.
The number of Americans with the disease is expected to increase over the next few years. It is estimated that the AD can cost the United States more than $ 1 trillion by 2050.
Discovered in the last century.
A German physician named Alois Alzheimer first observed AD in 1906. He described a patient known as Auguste D. who had memory loss and other problems with thinking.
After the patient's death, Dr. Alzheimer noticed that parts of the patient's brain were cramped. A psychiatrist who worked with Dr. Alzheimer's named the condition in 1910.
Linked to loss of sense of smell.
A person with AD can lose their sense of smell, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Several studies, including one in the Journal of Neurological Sciences, suggest that changes in the sense of smell may be an early sign of AD.
It is important to note that changes in your ability to smell may also be due to other causes such as:
• Parkinson's disease
• brain damage
• infection of the sinuses
Life expectancy varies
The time it takes AD to progress varies from person to person, making it difficult to predict how long someone will live with the condition. The National Institute on Aging (NIA) reports that older adults generally live three to four years with Alzheimer's disease. Younger adults who get the disease can live with the disease for 10 years or more.
Video credits to HEALTHY YouTube channel